Z94.15 - Organization Planning and Theory

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JOB. (1) The combination of tasks, duties and responsibilities assigned to an individual employee and usually considered his or her normal or regular assignment. (2) The contents of a work order.

JOB ANALYSIS. Determination of the characteristics of a job through detailed observation and evaluation of the activities, facilities required, conditions of work, and the qualifications needed in a worker.

JOB CLASSIFICATION. The grouping of jobs on the basis of the nature of the functions performed or level of pay, or on the basis of job evaluation, historic groupings, collective bargaining, or arbitrary determination.

JOB CONTENT. The nature of work itself experienced within a job, including the degree to which the tasks are challenging, interesting, and stimulating of personal esteem and growth.

JOB CONTEXT. Working conditions that surround a job, such as the physical environment and facilities, pay and benefits, and relationships with coworkers and managers.

JOB DEPTH. The degree of responsibility and autonomy (for work scheduling, decision prerogatives, and performance control) that is granted to an individual position.

JOB DESCRIPTION. A summary of the essential activities involved in the performance of a job that is abstracted from a job analysis and used in the classifying of jobs and the selection of employees to fill them.

JOB DESIGN. The specification of job content, work methods, and relationships with other jobs in order to satisfy technological and organizational requirements plus the human concerns of the job holders. Techniques used in job design include industrial engineering techniques, human factor analysis, rotation of tasks within a work unit, job enlargement, job enrichment, and creation of self-managed work teams.

JOB ENLARGEMENT. A phrase invented by Charles Walker of Yale University to describe the process by which jobs are redesigned to make them more complex and, presumably, more interesting. The aim is to make the task more of a "natural whole" to the man performing it. Job enlargement has been applied most commonly to so-called blue collar jobs.

JOB ENRICHMENT. The process (or outcome) of designing a job so that it has both considerable responsibility and variety.

JOB EVALUATION. The systematic appraisal of the value of an individual job in an organization in relation to other jobs. Jobs are commonly graded according to differences in skill, effort, physical demands, and working conditions. It is an aid in setting the money worth of jobs for pay purposes.

JOB SCOPE. The degree of variety of number of different tasks a worker is permitted or expected to perform.

JOB SPECIFICATION. A form of job description listing the mental and physical qualifications and special skills required in an individual worker for a given job in order to facilitate the selection and placement of employees.

JOB STANDARDIZATION. The procedure of specifying a standard practice or a standard method for a job.

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