In the built environments we live in, most everything we see is manufactured and assembled before being installed in place for a specific use. Obviously these products are first designed and then manufactured at the best possible location. What is increasingly apparent is also the bi-directional impact design and manufacturing have on each other: sophistication in design, in general, complicates manufacturing, but it also presents new frontiers and opportunities for products that were impossible, impractical or economically infeasible only a few years ago. Due to this very strong connection between manufacturing and design, a view of manufacturing that traditionally only focuses on making a product needs to be broader, and include design, in a more holistic, lean and integrated engineering context.
In the near future, we will have a position paper in Industrial Engineer magazine describing our view of this integrated scope. Industrial Engineer magazine is available only to IIE members. If you are not a member, join IIE for access articles by our community members as well as additional member-only benefits.
Global cost competition, although not new, continues to keep existing manufacturing and design activities under increasing pressure. The Manufacturing & Design Division has the purpose to provide a common platform for the discussion, education, and dissemination of contemporary issues in the field of manufacturing. With this purpose in mind, the division will: 1) encourage the development and dissemination of technical knowledge, 2) provide a forum for technical networking, 3) Serve as the voice of the technical field, and 4) support IIE’s mission in providing values to members and promoting the discipline.
Welcome to the Manufacturing and Design Division! The M&D board is excited to bridge the traditional scholarly diversity of our division by providing opportunities for members to engage in networking, professional development, and the discussion of the innovative subjects that will forge the future of manufacturing. To do so, the M&D board has mapped out a plan that includes webinars to showcase the most exciting new subjects or those that need revisiting. For example, Dr. J T. Black of Auburn University delivered a webinar on Lean Manufacturing in April 2011. Another one is planned on biomanufacturing.
The plan also includes working closely with the Industrial and Systems Engineering Research Conference (ISERC) organizers to generate a schedule of presentations that represents accurately the true scholarly breadth of the various technical areas that define our field. We are also developing new social media outlets to make faculty, industry professionals, and graduate students an increasingly active and vital part of our plans. Together the board and members of the M&D division are literally building the future. We want to hear from you, the membership, about the subjects that you are interested in discussing. Please contact any of the board members via email. Christopher M. Greene, Ph.D.
At the September 2010 M&D board meeting new officers were elected; these officers served for two terms to secure continuity of the stimulating activities the division has devised. We are now accepting nominations for the upcoming board elections. Please contact any of the officers listed here.
M&D webinars are a valuable opportunity for training by experienced industry experts - at no out of pocket cost and a very small investment in time. The past webinars have been very well attended. View examples from Past Webinars
2012 was the first year of the M&D best track paper competition. The winners of the award are Yin Yu and Ibrahim Tarik Ozbolat of The University of Iowa for their paper, "Cell Viability Characterization of Bioprintable Blood-vessel-like Cellular Channels towards 3D Organ Fabrication." The authors will be recognized at the IIE Annual Conference and Expo 2013 in San Juan, Puerto Rico.
The M&D board holds a monthly one-hour conference, both to discuss administrative details (approximately 20 minutes) and to conduct a roundtable discussion on a topic of current interest to IEs (20-30 minutes). All M&D members are welcome to participate.
If you'd like to be added to the distribution list for these calls, please contact firstname.lastname@example.org.
If you have an award, publication, promotion, etc., share the news with your colleagues in M&D. E-mail to email@example.com, and it will be shared on the Web page and in the newsletter.
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In the early stages of manufacturing systems development, the design and manufacturing functions were closely connected. Craft and job shop manufacturing was driven by individual craftsmen who executed both functions, sometimes concurrently. With the advent of flow shops and mass production, the design function was functionally and physically separated. Manufacturing design emerged as a separate and often elite function from the manufacturing domain. "Manufacturing systems engineer" became responsible for integrating these two functions. Corporate and enterprise planning became "watchwords," but often only organizational titles.
The dominating force in the 21st century may well be the "virtual manufacturing," which has begun to fully integrate design functions with the manufacturing and assembly functions, although this might be a rather elitist activity. Approximately 70 percent of the United States manufacturing sector is directed to small or medium sized operations, which cannot afford to enter this brave new world until they are forced to do so; which will become a reality if they are to survive. The problems and opportunities associated with small to medium sized manufacturing are exacerbated by the movement to globalize manufacturing. The issues of integrated design and manufacturing functions have become particularly critical in the United States. One would be hard pressed to find an American made product in which every component, sub-component and operational module is completely designed and manufactured in one facility. As previously noted, these problems create important opportunities for the industrial and systems engineer.
In addition, almost everything around us is remotely manufactured and then assembled in a common location. It is becoming a manufacturing reality that finished products are merely being assembled and not built. For instance, the next build generation of Boeing aircraft will be 100 percent supplied to Boeing, and not manufactured on site. What is increasingly apparent is the bi-directional impact design and manufacturing have on each other: sophistication in design generally complicates manufacturing, but it also presents new frontiers and opportunities for products that were impossible, impractical or economically infeasible only a few years ago. New manufacturing design tools and increasingly sophisticated software systems will emerge as the driving force in integrating the design and manufacturing functions. Due to the unavoidable need to use and rely upon not only new integrated design/manufacturing tools but new manufacturing capabilities; the traditional view of manufacturing a product needs to be broader, and include design, in a more holistic, and integrated engineering context.