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JIG. (1) A mechanical device used to guide a cutting tool along a predetermined path when in contact with the material or workpiece supported in the device. (2) A device used to hold parts in position (e.g., welding jig, airframe jig).
JOB. (1) The combination of tasks, duties, and responsibilities assigned to an employee and usually considered as a normal or regular assignment. (2) The contents of a work order.
JOB ANALYSIS. Determination of the requirements of a job through detailed observation and evaluation of the work performed, facilities required, conditions of work, and the qualifications required of a worker. Syn: job study.
JOB BREAKDOWN. The systematic division of an operation into elements, or the results of such an analysis. Syn: operation breakdown.
JOB CHARACTERISTIC. (See JOB FACTOR.)
JOB DESIGN. (See WORK DESIGN.)
JOB FACTOR. (1) An element characteristic of a job which provides a basis for selecting and training workers and establishing the wage range for the job. Such characteristics include mental and physical requirements, responsibilities, hazards, and other working conditions. (2) A predetermined element of a job evaluation plan against which jobs are compared. Syn: job characteristic.
JOB SKILL. The manual and mental proficiency required to perform a given task. Syn: skill.
JOB STANDARDIZATION. The procedure of specifying a standard practice or a standard method for a job.
JOB STUDY. (See JOB ANALYSIS.)
JUST-IN-TIME (JIT). A philosophy concerning the operation of the business that teaches that only activities that add value to a product or service are beneficial; all other activities are viewed as waste. JIT is designed to reduce inventory and work in process by grouping machines and operations into work cells by product, rather than by similar machine groupings.
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