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Z94.8 Facility Planning & Design

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FACILITY. A combination of all of the physical elements required to manufacture a product, or to provide a service.

FACTORY MUTUAL LISTING (FM). A list of truck models approved as complying with the requirements of and used by the mutual group of insurance companies to determine the insurance premium rate for various areas of operation.

FASTENER. Any device or medium used to hold together the components of an assembled pallet.


FEEDER. A conveyor or other mechanism adapted to control the rate of delivery of bulk material, packages or objects or a device that controls, separates, or assembles objects.

FEEDER AND CATCHERS TABLE. A pair of reversible conveyors, entry and exit, which provide for repeat feeding of metal being processed through a rolling mill.

FIELD. Any group of characters defined as a unit of information. This differs from a line in that one line may contain several fields.

FIELD SEPARATOR. A printed mark or symbol that identifies fields to scanner.

FIRE ACCIDENT. Any instance of unintentional ignition, uncontrolled burning, and/or explosion of combustible materials. 

FIRST FLOOR. The floor of a story which is closest to grade.

FIRST READ RATE. The percentage representing the number of successful reads per 100 attempts to read a particular symbol.


FIXED PLATFORM TRUCK. An industrial truck equipped with a load platform and not capable of self-loading.

FIXED POSITION LAYOUT. A type of layout in which the processing equipment move to the job which is at a stationary location, as in shipyards, construction sites, aircraft manufacturing and servicing, and so on.

FIXTURE CONVEYOR. Usually a slat or apron conveyor on which are mounted “pedestals” or fixtures for mounting loads such as engine blocks, etc.

FLAT TOP CONVEYOR. Special slat conveyors which form a continuous top and are supported by chain rollers.

FLAT WIRE CONVEYOR BELT. A belt composed of flat metal strips formed in a series of lateral, rectangular loops held together by lateral wires passing through holes in the flat strips to provide articulation similar to a conveyor chain and arranged to be driven by sprockets.

FLIGHT. (1) Plain or shaped plates suitably made for attachment to the propelling medium of a flight conveyor. (2) A term applied to any conveyor in a tandem series.

FLIGHT CONVEYOR. A conveyor comprised of one or more endless propelling media, such as a chain, to which flights are attached, and a trough through which material is pushed by the flights.

FLOOR. The walking level of a story.

FLOOR CONTROLLED UNITS. Motor propelled units which are controlled by an operator on the floor by means of a control suspended from the overhead equipment.

FLOOR CONVEYOR. Any of several types of conveyors using chain, cable, or other linkage mounted near or flush with the floor for the purpose of assembling, or finishing built-up products and subassemblies. (See CAR TYPE CONVEYOR; PALLET TYPE CONVEYOR; SLAT CONVEYOR.)

FLOOR LOAD RATING. The uniformly distributed live load that can safely be supported by a floor, expressed in pounds per square foot of floor space.

FLOW ANALYSIS. The detailed examination of the progressive travel, either of people or material, from place to place and/or from operation to operation. The examination consists of questioning the reason for the existence of every aspect of the operation, or the travel; and, also, the examination seeks reasons for determining how the progressive travel, or the operation, may be changed or modified to achieve the utmost economies in both time and material, all other things being equal.

FLOWCHART. A tabular  arrangement of data depicting the number of material handling trips performed per time unit for a pair of planning departments.

FLOW DIAGRAM. A representation of the location of activities or operations and the flow of materials between activities on a pictorial layout of a process. Usually accompanied by a flow process chart.


FLOW PATH. The travel path of material as it flows through the manufacturing or service process.

FLOW PROCES CHART.  A graphic, symbolic representation of the work performed, or to be performed, on a product as it passes through some or all of the stages of a process.

FLOW SHOP. A manufacturing enterprise devoted to producing products in a system with processes that are dedicated by product family.

FLOW RACK. A rack in which items are replenished from one end of the rack and gradually move to the other end on sloping wheels (gravity flow rack) or powered rollers where a lift truck, person or other device picks up the items.

FLUID COUPLING. A hydrodynamic drive which transmits power without ability to change torque. (Torque ratio is unity for all speed ratios.)

FLUME CONVEYOR. A channel through which a liquid flows and conveys materials.

FLUSH DOCK. A dock that is located flat against the plane of the building wall.

FOLDING CONTAINER. A container having hinged components that can be folded with all parts and/or hardware attached.

FORK ADAPTER. Quickly detachable attachment that mounts on a fork to adapt the truck to handle specific loads.

FORK ADJUSTER. A manual or power actuated accessory to facilitate lateral positioning of forks.

FORK HEIGHT. The vertical distance from the floor to the load-carrying surface adjacent to the heel of the forks with mast vertical, and in the case of reach trucks, with the forks extended.


FORKLIFT TRUCK. A high lift self-loading truck, equipped with load carriage and forks for transporting and tiering loads.

FORK OPENING. An opening in a pallet to allow insertion and withdrawal of a lifting device.

FORK POCKETS. Openings in container base for inserting the tines of a fork-lifting device.

FORKS. Horizontal tine-like projections, normally suspended from the carriage, for engaging and supporting loads

FORK, SAFETY. A mechanical device which prevents passage of carriers when the elements of interlocking equipment are not interlocked.

FORK SPACING.  Maximum inside fork spacing—the nominal distance between the inside edges of adjustable forks at their greatest separated position.  Maximum outside fork spacing—the nominal distance between the outside edges of adjustable forks at their greatest separated position. Minimum inside fork spacing —the nominal distance between the inside edges of adjustable forks at their least separated position. Minimum outside fork spacing—the nominal distance between the outside edges of adjustable forks at their least separated position.

FORWARDING AREA. An area of the warehouse where items are accumulated just prior to shipping.

FOUR-WAY CONTAINER. A container whose configuration permits retrieving or discharging from adjacent right angle directions in the same horizontal plane.

FRAGILE. Delicate, weak or easily damaged goods.

FRAME (CANTILEVER RACK). One upright complete with arms.

FREE LIFT. The attainable lift of the carriage from the extreme lowered position before the stated overall lowered height of the mast is exceeded by  any standard part of the forks, mast or carriage assemblies.

FREE STANDING RACK. Is a structure composed of one or more racks without external  bracing, but which may be lagged to the floor.

FREE STANDING RACK STRUCTURE. A rack structure installed inside a building of conventional construction, supported only by the floor and not supported or attached to any building structure.

FREIGHT. A method or service for transporting cargo by air, land, or water. Cargo carried by transportation lines. The cost for such transportation.

FREIGHT FORWARDER. A person or firm engaged in the business of collecting, consolidating, shipping, and distributing goods acting on behalf of the shipper and attending to the necessary details of shipping, insuring, and documenting of goods. Services may also include the preparation of  consular invoices and the clearing of goods through customs.

FRONT TO BACK MEMBERS (SAFETY SPREADERS). Formed structural shapes placed between two beams to form a single shelf unit. Among common types are welded, bolted, or drop-in-place.  Welded. Members welded at both ends to a pair of beams.  Bolted. Members bolted at both ends to a pair of beams.  Drop-in-place. Members placed between a pair of beams.

FULL CONTAINER LOAD—FCL. Where the load carried in a container equals one of the two operating maxima—in weight or volume.


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